Date of Birth and Death
January 10, 1835 - February 3, 1901
Birthplace (modern name)
Occupation, Status
Educator , Scholar (Human Science)


Representative enlightenment thinker in the Meiji Era. Born in Osaka, the son of a samurai of the Nakatsu Clan, who was serving at the clan's storehouse in Osaka when Fukuzawa was born. After his father died, he returned to Nakatsu and became a disciple of Tsuneto Shiroishi, and later, he went to Osaka for Western studies through the Dutch language under Koan Ogata. During the period from 1860 until 1867, he took part in the Shogunate missions to Europe and the United States three times, and based on these experiences, he introduced Western culture through his writings, such as "Seiyo jijo" (Conditions in the West). In 1868, he established the Keio Gijuku. After the Meiji era, he did not assume any public post or receive any court rank or honors. He published many writings including "Gakumon no susume" (Encouragement of Learning) (1872) and "Bunmeiron no gairyaku" (An Outline of a Theory of Civilization) (1875).


National Diet Library's collections



  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi1
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi2
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi3
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi4
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi5
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi6
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi7
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi8
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi9
  • Portrait of FUKUZAWA Yukichi10